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District Administration

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Khyber Pass is one of the most famous and the most strongly fortified mountain gorges on earth. It has a rich historical heritage, and has retained an important position throughout the known history. It is famous mainly as a corridor through which almost all the invasions of the Indian subcontinent took place, including those by the Aryans, Alexander army, Mahmood of Ghazni, Tamerlane, the Moghuls, and the Durrani Afghans. The range of gaunt and craggy mountains, the gorges and ledges of the Khyber Pass still echo with the thuds of the horses of great conquerors, traders, missionaries and visitors. The name Khyber derives from Hebrew meaning “a castle”. It acted like a citadel during all the expeditions passing through this famous Pass. It is also mentioned by the famous Chinese traveler Fahien and Huen Tsang during 500 A.D to 700 A.D. The ruins of the Buddhists monastery Kafirkot, Khyber Stupa, Khyber Top, Ali Masjid Stupa and many other archaeological sites bear a testimony to this glorious past. Tirah, which is the homeland of the mighty Afridi tribes, finds mention in the book Avesta, the Zoroastrian sacred book, which is two to three thousands years old. A place by the name of Stirah is mentioned in this book. According to Avesta, the sacred plant of Suma was sent from the heaven on the soil of Tirah. Mentioned in paragraph-6 and in Chapter 10, Tirah is portrayed as a mountainous place, the peak that reaches the sky and the stars.

Economically, with the exception of the inaccessible area of Tirah, almost the whole of the area is a barren and rugged plateau, with scant rainfall and meagre irrigation facilities. Due to this natural lack of economic opportunity, smuggling of foreign goods and involvement in other anti-social activities for income generation is a big problem. The economic infrastructure is weak. Only a small part of Bara sub-division is irrigated fay a canal emanating from the Spera Dam on the Bara River. There are only three industrial units, all in Bara. The government has now initiated a programme of road construction and other development projects in the inaccessible Tirah/Bara valley, along with the Khushal Pakistan Programme. Food Support Programme has also been initiated as the first ever social safety net in this area. The government has been able to extend its writ into the inaccessible area of Bazaar, Chora and Tirah. Now approximately 75 kms border is being manned by the army, the scouts and and the army has recently established 13 border posts and four base camps in these areas. A Khyber Area Development Project has been initiated with the U.S. assistance at an estimated cost of Rs. 558.31m (with a USG component of Rs. 529.135m). A President’s Special Development Package in the area, along with an Accelerated Development Package for Bazaar Zakhakhel and Tirah has also commenced. The Pakistan Army is executing development projects in roads communication, education, unil water sectors.

District khyber is now district in Peshawar Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. Until 2018, it was an agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas, with merger of FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, it became a district. It ranges from the Tirah valley down to Peshawar.

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