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About Khyber

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Khyber District:- Until 2018, Khyber District was an agency of Federally Administered Tribal Areas. With merger of erstwhile FATA into Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, it became a district. It ranges from the Tirah valley down to the boundary of Peshawar. It borders Nangarhar Province to the west, Orakzai District to the south, Kurram District to south west, Peshawar to the east and Mohmand District in north. Khyber District has an area of 2,576 sq kilometers and a population of 986,973 (2017 census, GoP)

Khyber District is currently subdivided into Three Sub Divisions and  six Tehsils

  • Bara Sub Division
    • Bara Tehsil
    • Tirah Tehsil
  • Jamrud Sub Division
    • Jamrud Tehsil
    • Mullagori Tehsil
  • Landi Kotal Sub Division
    • Landi Kotal Tehsil
    • Bazar Zakha Khel Tehsil

Khyber District, which forms northwest frontier region of Pakistan, has been involved with more foreign invasions in the course of history than any other area in Asia. Khyber is one of the world famous gateways to the frontier of Pakistan and in history it is considered as a corridor of invasion as well as commerce between the Central Asia and the Sub-Continent. It lies across the passage of countless invaders including conquerors like Alexander, Changaz Khan, Taimurlang and Mahmud Ghanzanvi who shaped the course of history.

The spread of Islam in Central Asia, brought in its wake streak of Muslim conquerors, a vigorous people fired with the idealistic dynamism of Islamic ideology and spirit of adventure. Like their predecessors, they were naturally led eastwards and Khyber Pass saw the rising sun of Islam for the first time in history. The great Muslim conqueror Sultan Mahmud of Ghanzni, the most brilliant cavalryman invaded India several times through the Khyber Pass.

Khyber saw the forces of Ahmad Shah Abdali (1747-1773) the founder of modern Afghanistan, the great Afghan conqueror and administrative genius who crushed the power of the Marhattas in one of the decisive battles of Panipat (1761).
The British came into contact with Khyber Pass during the first Afghan War when one unit of their army advanced on Afghanistan by this route. After the second Afghan War, the British occupied the whole Pass and established a picquet system to safeguard passage through the pass. The Khyber valley saw a great deal of fighting during the second Afghan War in 1878. The Afridis seized the Pass in 1897 and there was a general uprising of Khyber tribes against the British. The British then organized the Tirah Expedition to subdue the tribe and bring them firmly under their control. It was after this campaign that the famous Khyber Rifles were organized. During the third Afghan war (1919), Khyber valley again witnessed a good deal of fighting. According to the British, it was here that they met their equal who looked them straight in the face and fought against them upto the last day of their rule. The Pathan tribes were never completely subjugated and were treated with respect and allowed considerable independence in the internal affairs of the tribes.

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